Test your Emotional Intelligence
What is Emotional Intelligence?
In the early 1990s, John D. Mayer and Peter Salovey published a series of papers on emotional intelligence. (Salovey and Mayer 1990) (Mayer and Salovey 1993) In their articles they defined emotional intelligence as ‘the capacity to understand emotional information and to re ason with emotions’. More specifically, they divided emotional intelligence abilities into four are as -- in their four branch model:
Perceiving Emotions: The ability to perceive emotions in oneself and others as well as in objects, art, stories, music, and other stimuli.
Facilitating Thought : The ability to generate, use, and feel emotion as necessary to communicate feelings or employ them in other cognitive processes.
Understanding Emotions: The ability to understand emotional information, to understand how emotions combine and progress through relationship transitions, and to appreciate such emotional meanings.
Managing Emotions: The ability to be open to feelings, and to modulate them in oneself and others so as to promote personal understanding and growth.
In 1995 Goleman said that EI is the missing link and in the l ast 10 years researchers have found that emotional intelligence is an important predictor of grades, promotions, health, and relationship quality.
Goleman adopted Salovey's definition which divides emotional intelligence into the following five emotional competencies:
- The ability to identify and name one's emotional states and to understand the link between emotions, thought and action.
- The capacity to manage one's emotional states — to control emotions or to shift undesirable emotional states to more adequate ones.
- The ability to enter into emotional states (at will) associated with a drive to achieve and be successful.
- The capacity to read, be sensitive to, and influence other people's emotions.
- The ability to enter and sustain satisfactory interpersonal relationships.
Emotional intelligence can be used to make meaningful and interesting predictions to a person's life outcomes. Some misleading claims have been made about the importance of emotional intelligence in the mid-1990's. One of these claims, for example, w as that emotional intelligence is "the best predictor of success in life."
Does Emotional Intelligence have a role in coaching?
“Anyone can become angry- that is easy. But to be angry with the right person, to the right degree, at the right time, for the right purpose, and in the right way- that is not e asy.” – Aristotle, The Nicomacbean Ethics
Daniel Goleman, the author of Emotional Intelligence, researched models from 181 different job roles from 121 companies and discovered that 67 percent of the competencies deemed essential for effective performance were "emotional" competencies. As a result of this research Goleman developed 25 key emotional intelligence competencies.
Emotional competencies are developed best through learning from real experiences, that is why our approach to working with individuals and teams focuses on the here and now ‘what is happening here’ and looking at the future ‘what can I do to approach this situation to get the results I desire?’